13 dec 2013
Čobádiová A1, Reiterová K, Derdáková M, Špilovská S, Turčeková L, Hviščová I, Hisira V.
http://www.researchgate.net/publication ... n_Slovakia
The permanent occurrence of anti-Toxoplasma and anti-Neospora antibodies was detected in repeatedly examined goats during the whole monitored period. The presence of both parasites in the flock was analysed by PCR. DNA of T. gondii was confirmed in 12 out of 25 Toxoplasma-seropositive goats and N. caninum in 14 samples out of 18 Neospora-seropositive animals; four goats were co-infected with both pathogens
Tanaka et al., J Veterinar Sci Technolo 2012,
http://omicsonline.org/tick-longicin-im ... 000112.pdf
Toxoplasmosis is a widespread zoonotic disease caused by
a parasitic protozoan, Toxoplasma gondii. It may pose a serious
public health problem as a congenital infection causing cerebral
and ocular damage in newborns and as an acquired infection in
immunocompromised individuals, such as AIDS patients . So far,
oral transmission by consumption of raw meat, food, and, rarely, water
contaminated with cat feces containing infective T. gondii oocysts is
regarded as the only route of primary infection. However, this route
hardly explains the common occurrence of T. gondii in a variety of
hosts, such as herbivorous mammals, wild rodents, and birds, which
are unlikely to have contracted the primary infection orally with meat
or cat feces . Thus, some other transmission routes of T. gondii have
been considered, and previous studies have raised the possibility of
transmission by blood-sucking arthropods, in particular, ticks [8-11].
Sroka et al.  recently detected T. gondii DNA in Ixodes ricinus ticks
collected from the woodlands of northwestern Poland, suggesting that
this tick species may be involved in the spread of toxoplasmosis under
natural conditions. However, it is unclear whether and how ticks may
respond immunologically in controlling T. gondii infections.
Ann Agric Environ Med. 2009 Dec
Sroka J1, Szymanska J, Wojcik-Fatla A.
The occurrence of Toxoplasma gondii and Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato in Ixodes ricinus ticks from east Poland with the use of pcr.
Ann Agric Environ Med. 2008 Dec
Sroka J1, Wójcik-Fatla A, Zwoliński J, Zajac V, Sawczuk M, Dutkiewicz J.
Preliminary study on the occurrence of Toxoplasma gondii in Ixodes ricinus ticks from north-western Poland with the use of PCR.